American Marten

American

Marten

Martes americana

 

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DESCRIPTION

I am a solitary animal, except of course for the mating season and the time during which I rear my young.  I am active all year long.  During the winter months my rather large paws allow me to easily move along on the snow.  I can even hunt under the snow by using the tunnels excavated by the red squirrels.

I am both agile and curious. I capture most of my prey on the ground even though my semi-retractable claws help me climb trees, where I spend a fair amount of time, with ease. I am often sought for my fur as I am known as the Canadian Sable. The sable is my Russian cousin who, apparently, has the softest fur of the family.

Location

American Marten

Caracteristics

dimension

Total Length 490 - 675 mm
Tail Length 135 - 220 mm
Weight M 450 - 1 500 g F 425 - 950 g

Lifespan

6 to 8 years in nature, record 17 years in captivity

Habitat

Mature mixed or coniferous forests

Diet

Small mammals, squirrels, mice, snowshoe hares, eggs, birds, amphibians, insects, nuts and fruits

Reproduction

1 brood per year; 1 to 5 young

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