Bald Eagle

BALD
EAGLE

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

 

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DESCRIPTION

Haliaeetus means “sea eagle” and leucocephalus describes my white head but I only take on the white colour around 4 or 5 years of age. As a juvenile my colouring is brownish just like the Golden Eagle’s, for which I am often confused. In Quebec we are the two raptor species with the greatest wingspan.

It’s estimated that there were between 250,000 and 500,000 of us in North America when the Europeans arrived! Today our numbers have dwindled to no more than 100,000 with roughly only 100 pairs in Quebec.

Check it out – my pantry resembles a ‘big box’ store as I normally hunt for prey in an area of about 10 to 15 km2 but if I don’t find what I need I will extend that range as far as 340 km2!

In the nest I will not tolerate any intrusion on my territory; It’s clear, DO NOT DISTURB... at times I can even show aggression toward my partner. On the other hand, to strengthen our bond and calm our nerves, we perform spectacular aerial acrobatics.

Location

Bald Eagle

Caracteristics

dimension

Total Length M 76 - 86 cm; F 89 - 94 cm
Wingspan M 1,7 - 2,1 m; F 1,9 - 2,2 m
Weight 2 - 6,2 kg

Lifespan

Record of 21,9 yrs in the wild and 47 yrs in captivity

Habitat

Mature forests with large trees bordering fish rich bodies of water

Diet

Summer: live or dead fish, aquatic birds, hare, rats. Winter: carcasses.

Reproduction

1 brood per year; generally 2 eggs (1-3); incubation 34-46 days. Monogamous, paired for life. If one dies, it is replaced.

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