Gray Wolf

Gray

Wolf

Canis lupus

 

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DESCRIPTION

Like most predators at the top of the food chain, I am sad to say that I have a bad reputation. I prefer not to think about past campaigns to eradicate us. They almost wiped us out! The fact is that I’m a master at controlling deer populations. Without me, deer, caribou and moose would become too numerous, devastating the plant populations on which they live. My role in the ecosystem, therefore, is important and unique.

There are about 7,000 of us wolves in Quebec. Our family unit, called a pack, is made up of 5 or 6 individuals. The social behaviour within the pack is well developed and hierarchical. We hunt together to take large game. I need 2 to 3 kg of meat per day! It takes us about 10 days to clean out an adult moose carcass and a little less than three days to devour a fawn.

Location

Gray Wolf

Caracteristics

dimension

Total Length 1,5 - 1,6 m
Tail Length 39 - 48 cm
Weight 18 - 42 kg

Lifespan

Record of 16 years in the wild and 20 years in captivity

Habitat

Tundra, Boreal and Mixed Forest

Diet

White-tailed Deer, Moose, Woodland Caribou and Beaver

Reproduction

1 brood per year; 1 to 14 young (average 5 to 7)

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